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Used Books


General overview

Churchill, S.E. 2014. Thin on the ground. Neanderthal biology, archaeology and ecology.Wiley, Blackwell.

White, M. et al. (2016). Shoot first, ask questions later: Interpretative narratives of Neanderthal hunting. Quaternary Science Reviews, 140, 1-20.

Fiorenza, L. et al. (2015). To meat or not to meat? New perspectives on Neanderthal ecology. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 156, 43-71.


Rendu, W. (2010). Hunting behavior and Neanderthal adaptability in the Late Pleistocene site of Pech-de-l'Azé I. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1798-1810

Stiner, M. C. (2013). An unshakable Middle Paleolithic? Trends versus conservatism in the predatory niche and their social ramifications. Current Anthropology, 54(S8), S288-S304.

Smith, G. M. (2015). Neanderthal megafaunal exploitation in Western Europe and its dietary implications: A contextual reassessment of La Cotte de St Brelade (Jersey). Journal of human evolution, 78, 181-201.

Marín, J., et al. (2017). Neanderthal hunting strategies inferred from mortality profiles within the Abric Romaní sequence. PloS one, 12(11), e0186970.

Romandini, M. et al. (2018). Bears and humans, a Neanderthal tale. Reconstructing uncommon behaviors from zooarchaeological evidence in southern Europe. Journal of Archaeological Science, 90, 71-91.


Britton, K., et al. (2011). Strontium isotope evidence for migration in late Pleistocene Rangifer: Implications for Neanderthal hunting strategies at the Middle Palaeolithic site of Jonzac, France. Journal of human evolution, 61(2), 176-185.

Jaouen, K. et al. (2019). Exceptionally high δ15N values in collagen single amino acids confirm Neandertals as high-trophic level carnivores. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(11), 4928-4933.

Hunting lesions

Gaudzinski-Windheuser et al. 2018. Evidence for close-range hunting by last interglacial Neanderthals. Nature Ecology & Evolution 2, 1087–1092.

Smith, G.M. et al. 2020. When lithics hit bones: evaluating the potential of a multifaceted experimental protocol to illuminate Middle Palaeolithic weapon technology. Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology 3 (2), 126-156.

Lithic studies

Villa, P., & Lenoir, M. (2009). Hunting and hunting weapons of the Lower and Middle Paleolithic of Europe. In The evolution of hominin diets (pp. 59-85). Springer, Dordrecht.

Villa, P. et al. (2009). Stone tools for the hunt: points with impact scars from a Middle Paleolithic site in southern Italy. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36(3), 850-859.

Goval, E. et al. (2016). Levallois points and triangular flakes during the Middle Palaeolithic in northwestern Europe: Considerations on the status of these pieces in the Neanderthal hunting toolkit in northern France. Quaternary International, 411, 216-232.

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